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20% people in UAE are Diabetics(1 in 5 adults) and another 20% are Prediabetes

Here are some of the facts about Diabetes Mellitus

20% people in UAE are Diabetics(one in 5 adults) and another 20% are Prediabetics. According to World health organisation(WHO) Criteria for Type 2 DM is any one of fasting plasma glucose equal or above 126 mg%, 2 hours after 75 g Glucose(OGTT) value of 200 mg% and above HbA1c (Glycated Hemoglobin) value of 6.5% and above random blood glucose value of 200 mg% and above with symptoms (Wt loss, thirst, increased appetite, increased urination, impotence, urinary itching, tiredness etc).

pre diabetics are

FBS 100-126 mg%
PPBS 140-200 mg%
HbA1c 6-6.5%

Ideal goal for diabetic patients is

FBS less than 130 mg%
PPBS less than 180 mg%
HbA1c less than 6.5-7%

Good control of diabetes in the early period prevents long term diabetic complications.Diabetics should also keep control of their blood pressure and Cholesterol .Self awareness, self motivation and self involvement are important in management of Diabetes

The following are some of the life style managements of Diabetes

  1. Eat at regular intervals- replace simple carb with complex ones, Opt for low carb meals
  2. Eat at fixed hours
  3. Eat leisurely
  4. Excercise daily
  5. Lose weight
  6. Use non-fat
  7. Drink sufficient amounts of water
  8. Check your blood glucose
  9. Avoid processed foods
  10. Quit smoking
  11. Quit slchohol

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